• Mountains

  • BJELAŠNICA

     

    Bjelašnica is situated southwest, only 25 km from Sarajevo. During winter, from December to March, snow forms a couple of meters high which poses a particular challenge for winter sports lovers. 

    The beauty of the mountain is augmented by the temper of its climate. It is the result of the geographical position of Bjelašnica within the Dinaric Mountains, its geological structure and altitude. The highest part of Dinaric Mountains, 300 m in length, towards the Adriatic Sea, represents a border of impact between two climates - Mediterranean and Continental. Air mass from the sea interferes with that from Bjelašnica. This interference results in rain and snow precipitation in autumn and in great amounts of snow in the winter which retains until late spring. This kind of climate specificity is suitable for winter sports.

    A weather station was built on the highest part (2067 m alt.) in 1894, which is the highest constantly inhabited point in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The peak itself was named after the Observatory. The mountain was named after the whiteness of its stones and snows which reside on its peaks until August. An extraordinary mutability of weather characterizes the mountain so it is possible to experience three seasons in one day.


    IGMAN

     

    Igman is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located directly to the southwest of Sarajevo, bordering Mt. Bjelašnica and the city of Ilidža. Igman's highest point, Crni Vrh, is 1502 meters (4928 feet), making it the shortest of the Sarajevo mountains.

    Igman is a popular destination for hiking and skiing. During the 1984 Winter Olympics, it was the primary mountain used for the Olympic events, along with Jahorina and Bjelašnica. Igman Olympic Jumps in the Malo Polje area hosted the ski jumping part of the Nordic combined events. Meanwhile, Veliko Polje hosted the biathlon, cross-country skiing, and the cross-country skiing part of the Nordic combined event. There are numerous structures on Igman dating from this time, although many still bear the scars of the 1992-1995 war. 
    One of the most interesting attractions is the Ski Jumping platform from the Winter Olympics. Many bullet impact holes near the medal platform at the bottom of the hill are visible as this site was used for executing Bosniaks during the war.

    Igman is the location of the lowest recorded temperature in the region, −43 °C (−45 °F). When the weather is right, Montenegro and the Adriatic Sea can be visible from the mountain.

     
    JAHORINA

     

    Jahorina is the mountain range to the southeast of Sarajevo. Its ideal geographical position more or less guarantees three to four months of good ski snow.

    Like Mt. Igman, Mt. Bjelašnica and Mt. Trebević, Jahorina is a popular destination for a variety of outdoor sports and activities. During the 1984 Winter Olympics, Jahorina was the site of the women's Alpine skiing events. Jahorina remains a popular destination for skiing, hiking, and sledding, with over 40 km of ski trails and modern facilities.

    Today, Jahorina is one of the biggest ski and tourist centers of the Balkans. It's just 28 km from Sarajevo. The main road, which is completely reconstructed and in use in winter, is the line between the capital town of BIH and the Commune Pale. When you arrive to Jahorina, there are ski paths over 20 km long with four ski-lifts and four two-seaters. 


    VLAŠIĆ
     
     
     
     
    Vlašić is a mountain in the very center of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its peak is called Vlašićka Gromila and is 1,969 m above sea level. The mountain is a major center for winter tourism due to its excellent accommodation for skiing, snowboarding and other winter sports. It is also a popular destination for summer and eco-tourism with many hiking trails and undisturbed wilderness. It is closest to the Bosnian town of Travnik although lodging is available on the mountain itself. 

    The mountain gets its name from the Vlasi who lived there and tended to their sheep since the fall of the Roman Empire. They lived there until the end of the 19th century. Academics like prof. Mark Vego say that the nomadic Vlachs – Romanized descendants of the ancient Romans and the ancient Illyrian people – brought one of the trademarks of Mt. Vlasic: Vlasic cheese, from one of their endless journeys around the year 1000 AD. Vlasic cheese is one of the best sheep cheeses stored in brine. It is originally made from fresh sheep milk, but also cow milk, and then left to ripen for two to three months. By perfecting the cheese-making recipes, the Vlachs passed on the tradition to the cattle breeders from surrounding mountains. Today, Vlasic cheese is produced throughout the area, thus becoming its original traditional product.

    In addition to Vlasic cheese, there are two other trademarks of Mt. Vlasic: Bosnian and Herzegovinian shepherd dog and Pramenka sheep. The shepherd dog of the Vlasi has been living in this area for more than 1000 years, defending sheep as they graze: Vlašić is said to be one of the places of origin of the Bosnian mountain dog or "Tornjak" ('torni acca' = 'turn here' in old Neo-Latin Vlach language), bred to guard livestock from wolves and bears. The last trademark is "Pramenka", a Bosnia and Herzegovina indigenous breed of sheep.
     


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